Treatment of Pelvis & Lumbar Spine. Level 1:an Introduction to Muscle Energy Techniques

Suggested Reading List-

(These articles will help your knowledge but are not essential pre-reading)


Damen, L et al (2001)

Pelvic Pain during pregnancy is associated with asymmetric laxity of the sacroiliac joints ActaObstetricia et Gynecol. Scandinavia 80 (11); 1019-1024

Damen L et al (2002)

Does a pelvic belt influence sacroiliac joint laxity? Clinical Biomechanics, 17, 495-498.

De Groot M et al (2008)

The Active Straight Leg Raise test in women: differences in muscle activity & force between patients & healthy subjects. Manual Therapy, 13 (1): 65-74

Hungerford B et al. (2004)

Altered patterns of pelvic bone motion determined in subjects with posterior pelvic pain using skin markers. Clinical Biomechanics, 19: 456-464.

Hungerford B et al. (2007)

Evaluation of the ability of physical therapists to palpate intra-pelvic motion with the stork test on the support side, J Physical Therapy, 87(7), 879-887

Lee Diane (2007)

The Pelvic girdle: an approach to examination & treatment of the lumbo-pelvic–hip region. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh

Lee D. &Vleeming A (2000)

Current concepts on Pelvic Impairment. IFOMT 2000, Perth, Conference Proceedings. Nov 2000. pp 118-123

Mens et al (2002)

Validity of the Active Straight Leg Raise test for measuring disease severity in patients with posterior pelvic pain after pregnancy. Spine, 27 (2), 196-200

O’Sullivan P et al (2002)

Altered motor control strategies in subjects with SIJ pain during the Active straight leg raise test. Spine 27(1) pE1-8

Palsson T & Graven-Nielsen T (2012)

Experimental pelvic pain facilitates pain provocation tests & causes regional hyperalgesia. Pain. 153(11): 2233-2240

Panjabi M et al (1988)

Spinal Stability and Intersegmental Muscle Forces.  Biomechanical Model. Spine. 14 (2) pp 194-199

Pool-Goudzwaard A, et al


The iliolumbar ligament: its influence on stability of the sacroiliac joint. Clinical Biomechanics, 18 99-105

Robinson et al (2007)

The reliability of selected motion & pain provocation tests for the Sacroiliac joint. Manual Therapy. 12: 72-79

Schwarzer A, April C.,

Bogduk N. 1995

The Sacroiliac Joint in Chronic Low Back Pain. Spine. 20(1): 31-37

Snijders, al. (1993)

Transfer of lumbosacral load to iliac bones & legs. Pt I biomechanics of self bracing and its significance for treatment and exercise. Clinical biomechanics. 8: 285-294.

Selkow et al (2009)

Short term effect of Muscle Energy technique on pain inindividuals with non-specific lumbopelvic pain. J Man &Manip Therapy. 17(1) E14-18

Sembrano& Polly (2008)

How often is low back pain not coming from the back?Spine.34(1) E27-32

Vicenzino G. &Twomey L.


Side flexion induced Lumbar Spine conjunct  rotation and its influencing factors. Australian Journal Physiotherapy 39: 299-306

Vleeming. A, et al (1990)

Relation between form and Function in the Sacroiliac Joint Part I & Part II Spine 15(2): pp30 - 135


I would also suggest reviewing pelvis and lumbar spine anatomy.


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